Estimates from the International Diabetes Federation show that there are about 382 million people living with diabetes worldwide.
Diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases that can affect anyone and cause high blood sugar levels. This usually happens due to inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas or when the cells of the body do not respond to the insulin produced.
What is diabetes type 1 and type 2?
There are two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. These two diabetes types have several key differences, for instance the differences in cause, symptoms, characteristics, management, also relating to whom it affects and what happens in the body because of this disease.
Type-1 diabetes is where the body is unable to produce insulin, only about 10 percent of all diabetic cases are type 1. It usually develops in childhood or adolescence but it may occur at any age.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes, affecting 85-90% of all people with diabetes. While it usually affects older adults, more and more younger people, even children, are getting type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes some insulin but it is not produced in the amount your body needs and it does not work effectively.
There is also a third kind, gestational diabetes which affects females during pregnancy. This can often be managed with a good diet recommended by your doctor
Why do people get diabetes?
Genetic susceptibility is one reason, but changing lifestyle is also said to be a area of growing concern. A high-calorie diet coupled with lifestyle with not much physical activity and exercise puts you at a greater risk of getting diabetes.
You can be at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes if you:
- have a family history of diabetes
- are older (over 55 years of age ) – the risk increases as we age
- are over 45 years of age and are overweight
- are over 45 years of age and have high blood pressure
- are over 35 years of age and are from an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background
- are over 35 years of age and are from Pacific Island, Indian subcontinent or Chinese cultural background
- are a woman who has given birth to a child over 4.5 kgs (9 lbs), or had gestational diabetes when pregnant, or had a condition known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
Prevention or reducing risk by natural remedies
Health expert, Dr. Shikha Sharma suggests six natural remedies for tackling high blood sugar levels.
1. Consume 1 teaspoon of fenugreek powder (methi dana) with lukewarm water early morning before you start your day.
2. Make a concoction of fenugreek powder, jamun (Syzygium cumini) seed powder, neem (Azadirachta indica) powder and karela ( Bitter gourd , bitter melon , Momordica charantia ) powder, all in equal proportions. Consume 1 teaspoon of this mix, half an hour before lunch and dinner along with water.
3. Soak 8-10 flowers of paneer doda (Withania Coagulans Dunal) in a glass of water overnight. Filter the water and have it in the morning.
4. Take two teaspoons of amla ( indian gooseberry , Phyllanthus emblica ) juice with a pinch turmeric powder early morning.
5. Make a drink with juice of 1/2 bitter gourd, 1/2 cucumber, 2 celery stalk and 1/2 green
apple. Have this once a day.
6. Have one teaspoon of powdered Gurmar leaves (gymnemasylvestrae) along with water half an hour after lunch and dinner.
Diabetes is known as the silent killer because often may not know that you have it. In many cases diabetes may be diagnosed accidentally and so it is important that we are aware of the symptoms which can help in early diagnosis and possible recovery.
How do you know if you are at risk?
Most common symptoms that may indicate you have diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes, many people have no symptoms at all, while other signs are dismissed as a part of ‘getting older’. By the time type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the complications of diabetes may already be present.
- Being excessively thirsty
- Passing more urine
Itching, skin infections
- Blurred vision
- Gradually putting on weight
- Mood swings
- Always feeling hungry
- Having cuts that heal slowly
- Feeling dizzy
Cure for diabetes
Scientists develop treatment that brings diabetes cure within reach
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- These symptoms of diabetes may be subtle but if you spot them, you must consult a doctor as prevention is always better than cure.